威尼斯网站-高考基础词汇必背
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【威尼斯网站】英语基础词汇一、星期1. Monday 2. Tuesday 3. Wednesday4. Thursday5.Friday 6. Saturday 7. Sunday二、一年十二个月1. January 2. February 3. March 4. April 5. May6. June 7. July 8. August 9. September 10.October 11. November 12. December三、季节1. spring 2. summer 3. autumn 4. winter四、易错数字1. eighth第八2. ninth第九3. forty四十4. twelfth第十二5. twentieth第二十四、亲属称谓1. daughter (女儿)2. niece (女性晚辈)3. nephew (男性晚辈)4. cousin (同辈兄弟姐妹)5. aunt (女性尊长)6. uncle (男性尊长)五、以下动词加-ed或-ing要双写最后一个字母1. regret (regretted, regretting) 忏悔2. control (controlled, controlling) 控制3. admit (admitted, admitting) 认可4. occur (occurred, occurring) 泛起5. prefer (preferred, preferring) 宁愿6. refer (referred, referring) 提到7. forget (forgetting ) 忘记8. permit (permitted, permitting)允许9. equip (equipped, equipping) 装备注意:quarrel, signal, travel中的l可双写(英国英语)也可不双写(美国英语)六、部门已往式和已往分词不规则变化的动词1. broadcast (broadcast, broadcast) 广播2. flee (fled, fled) 逃跑3. forbid (forbade, forbidden) 克制4. forgive (forgave, forgiven) 原谅5. freeze (froze, frozen) 结冰6. hang (作"绞死"讲,是规则的;作"悬挂"讲,其已往式已往分词都是hung)7. lie (作"说谎"讲时,是规则的;作"位于"讲时,其已往式是lay,已往分词是lain)8. seek (sought, sought) 寻求9. shake (shook, shaken) 发抖10. sing (sang, sung) 唱歌11. sink (sank, sunk/sunken) 下沉12. spread (spread, spread) 流传13. swim (swam, swum) 游泳14. tear (tore, torn) 撕碎15. weave (wove, woven) 编织七、意思相近的词1. check / examine/ test2. receive / accept3. destroy /damage4. celebrate/ congratulate5. wear / dress八、注意形容词变名词时的拼写变化1. long—length 长度2. wide—width 宽度3. high—height 高度4. strong—strength气力九、以-ic末端的动词,应先把-ic变为-ick,再加ing或ed1. picnic (picnicked, picnicking) 野餐十、个体名词的复数拼写1. German (Germans) 德国人2. gulf (gulfs) 海湾3. handkerchief (handkerchiefs) 手帕4. hero (英雄),potato (土豆),tomato (西红柿)等有生命的以-o末端的名词变复数时要加-es。5. roof (roofs) 房顶6. stomach 胃 (其复数是stomachs而不是加es)十一、注意动词变名词时的拼写变化1. succeed—success乐成2. pronounce—pronunciation 发音3. explain—explanation解释4. decide—decision 决议5. enter—entrance进入6. permit—permission 允许7. refuse—refusal 拒绝8. consider—consideration 思量9. discover—discovery 发现10. bury—burial 埋葬11. conclude—conclusion 得出结论12. arrive—arrival 到达13. weigh—weight 重量十二、注意形容词变副词时的拼写变化1. beautiful—beautifully 漂亮的2. possible—possibly 可能的3. practical—practically 实际的4. particular—particularly 特此外5. successful—successfully 乐成的1. abroad 外洋2. absence n. 缺席 (absent adj.)3. accepted (NMET1997)4. accident事故 (accidental adj. 偶然的,accidentally adv. 偶然地)5. achievement成就 (achieve v. 获得)6. address地址7. admire钦佩8. admitting (2000北京春季卷)9. agreement 协议10. agriculture农业 (agricultural adj. 农业的)11. altogether总共12. ancient 古代的13. announced(NMET1999)14. anxiety 忧虑 (anxious adj. 焦虑的,anxiously adv. 焦虑地)15. apologize v. 致歉 (apology n. 致歉apologetic adj. 致歉的,apologeticallyadv.致歉地)16. apologize/apologise (2000全国卷)17. appreciate感谢/浏览 (感谢人用thank sb;谢谢某人做的事用appreciate sth.)18. Asian(NMET1996)19. assistant 助手20. astonish受惊 (astonishment n. 受惊,astonishing,astonished)21. astronaut 宇航员22. atmosphere气氛23. attempt实验 (可作名词也可作动词)24. attentively 专心地25. attentively(NMET1996)26. attitude 态度27. attract 吸引 (attraction吸引力)28. average 平均29. average(NMET1999)30. balance平衡31. beauty 美 (beautiful)32. believe相信 (belief n. 信念,其复数是beliefs)33. beyond凌驾34. biology生物35. birthday生日36. bravery 勇敢37. broadcast(NMET1996)38. broadcast广播 (已往式、已往分词同原形)bucket39. carefully 小心 (carefully)40. ceiling天花板41. celebrated (2000北京春季卷)42. celebration 庆祝 (celebrate n. 庆祝)43. century 世纪44. challenge 挑战45. character 性格46. charge收费47. cinema影戏院48. comfort v. & n. 慰藉 (comfortable adj.comfortably adv.舒适地)49. comfortably(NMET1997)50. comment 评论51. communication 交流52. competition 竞赛 (compete v. 竞赛competitor 竞赛者)53. composition 作文54. concert 音乐会55. conclude v. conclusi威尼斯网站on n. 结论56. condition情况 (conditions条件)57. confessing (2000北京春季卷)58. congratulations 祝贺 (congratulate v.)59. constantly 不停地60. construction(NMET1996)61. continue继续62. contribution 孝敬 (contribute v.)63. conveniently利便 (convenient adj.)64. conversation 谈话65. coughing(NMET1997)66. cousin表兄弟67. cruelty 残酷 (cruel adj. cruelly adv.)68. curious 好奇 (curiosity n. 好奇)69. curious(NMET1996)70. customer 主顾71. customers (2000北京春季卷)72. custom习俗73. damage损坏74. declared(NMET1999)75. delicious 鲜味76. destroy扑灭 (其已往式是destroyed)77. determined 有刻意的78. develop生长 (development n.developing 生长中的,developed蓬勃的)79. dialogue 对话80. diary 日记 (dairy 奶制品)81. difference 差别点 (有复数形式)82. disappointed失望 (disappointing 让人失望的)83. disappointment 失望84. discovery 发现(其复数是discoveries,其动词是discover,discoverer发现者)85. disturb打扰86. dollar美元 (其复数是dollars)87. downstairs楼下88. dream梦想 (其已往式是dreamed或dreamt)89. electricity电 (electrical电的,electric 电的)90. employ 招聘 (employment n. employer 雇主,employee雇员)91. empty倒空 (可用动词,其已往式是emptied)92. encourage勉励 (encouraging, encouraged,encouragement n.)93. energy能量94. envelope 信封95. envy n. 嫉妒 (envious adj.)96. equal(NMET1998)97. equipment设备98. especially 尤其是99. essential(NMET1999)100. European 欧洲人101. event事件102. excellent极好 (excellence n. excellently adv.)103. exhibition(NMET1997)104. exhibition展览105. expense 泯灭106. experience 履历 (experienced 有履历的)107. expert 专家108. expression 表达109. failure 失败 (fail v.)110. familiar(NMET1999)111. familiar熟悉的112. favorite 最喜爱的 (即作形容词也作名词,作名词时有复数)113. figure人物/数字114. finger手指115. flight航行116. forehead前额117. foreign(NMET1998)118. fortunately幸运地fortnight119. forward向前120. freezing 极冷的 (frozen 冷冻的)121. frequently 经常地122. furniture 家具123. further进一步的124. generally (2000全国卷)125. geography地理126. Germany德国127. government(NMET1996)128. gradually逐渐地129. graduation结业 (graduate)130. grammar语法131. habits (NMET1997)132. handkerchiefs (2000北京春季卷)133. honesty 老实 (honest)134. honor/honour 荣誉135. imagination 想象力 (imagine v.)136. immediate (2000北京春季卷)137. immediately马上138. impress 印象 (impression n.)139. incident小事件140. including包罗 (include v.)141. indispensable (NMET1999)142. industry工业 (industrial adj. 工业的)143. information 信息144. inspire激励 (inspiration n. inspiring, inspired)145. institute学院146. instrument 仪器147. interest 兴趣148. interrupt 打断149. interrupt打断150. introduce先容 (introduction n.)151. irregular 不规则的152. journey旅程153. judge判断 (judgment)154. kindergarten幼儿园155. knowledge 知识156. labor/labour劳动157. late1y(NMET1999)158. laughter笑声159. lawyer状师160. librarian图书馆理员161. loss损失 (lose, lost 是其动词形式)162. luckily幸运地163. magazine杂志164. majority (2000北京春季卷)165. majority大多数166. manage 设法 (manager, management)167. market(2000全国卷)168. marriage 完婚 (marry v. 完婚,married已婚的)169. material(s)/cloth(NMET1996)170. material物质/质料171. mayor市长172. mean (NMET1999)173. measure丈量174. medal 奖章 (比力:model 模型)175. memory影象力 (memorize v. 记着,remember 记得)176. messages (2000全国卷)177. metal 金属178. modern现代的179. modest谦虚的180. monitor 班长/监控181. moustache 胡子182. murder行刺 (murderer 凶手)183. musician 音乐家184. mysterious 神秘的 (mystery 神秘)185. nationality国籍 (nation 国家,national国家的)186. naturally(NMET1998)187. naughty 淘气的188. necessary(NMET1999)189. ninth(NMET1998)190. normal 正常的191. obey (NMET1997)192. obviously显着的193. offering (2000全国卷)194. operation手术195. opportunity 时机196. ordinary 普通的197. organized/organised(NMET1996)198. particularly 特别是199. passenger 游客200. passengers(NMET1999)201. patience耐心 (patiently)202. patient病人/耐心203. perfect 完美 (perfectly)204. performed(2000北京春季卷)205. perhaps 或许206. period 时期207. permission许可208. persuaded(NMET1996)209. phenomena 现象210. physicist 物理学家211. pilots (2000全国卷)212. poisonous 有毒的 (poison)213. political 政治的 (politics)214. popular受接待的215. population人口216. position 职位217. possibility(-ies)可能性 (possible 可能的)218. poverty 贫穷 (poor)219. poverty贫穷220. practical (NMET1997)221. preparing(NMET1998)222. pressure(NMET1997)223. pretend冒充224. professor 教授225. profit 利润226. progress进步227. pronunciation (2000北京春季卷)228. provide 提供 (比力:offer, supply)229. public 民众230. purpose目的231. quality(NMET1996)232. quantity数量233. realistic(NMET1997)234. receive 收到235. recently(NMET1999)236. recognised/recognized(NMET1999)237. recognize 认出 (recognition 认可)238. regards 问候239. remind提醒240. repeat (repetition)重复241. respect尊敬242. restaurant 餐馆243. restaurants(NMET1999)244. satisfaction满足 (satisfy, satisfied,satisfying)245. satisfactory 满足的246. Saturday(NMET1998)247. scientific 科学的248. scientific科学的249. secretary秘书250. secretly (2000北京春季卷)251. separately单独地252. separates (NMET1998)253. serious 严重的 (seriously)254. service服务255. shortcoming缺点256. silence 平静 (silent)257. similar (2000北京春季卷)258. similar 类似的 (similarity –ies相似之处)259. situation形势/情况260. slightly(2000全国卷)261. society 社会 (social adj. 社会的)262. southern(2000全国卷)263. special特此外264. species 物种 (单复数同形)265. spring(NMET1997)266. square 平方267. stolen(2000全国卷)268. straight(NMET1997)269. suitable合适的270. support支持271. surprise受惊272. surround 困绕273. swimming(NMET1998)274. technique 技术 (technical adj.)275. technology技术276. temperature温度277. theory 理论278. thirsty口渴279. thorough (NMET1997)280. total合计281. traffic 交通282. translated(NMET1998)283. translation 翻译 (translator翻译家,interpret 解说,interpreter 口语翻译)284. umbrella(NMET1999)285. umbrella伞286. unusually不寻常 (unusual不寻常的)287. unwilling 不愿意 (willing adj. 愿意 will n. 意志)288. upstairs(2000全国卷)289. upstairs楼上290. vacation假期291. various种种各样的 (variety n. 种类)292. victim受害者293. victory胜利294. vocabulary词汇295. voyage航行296. waste (NMET1999)297. wealth财富298. weather(NMET1998)299. whisper 低语300. worship崇敬301. youth年轻人 (复数加-s)302. zero 零须重点影象的单词ability能力; absent缺席的; abroad到外洋; accept接受; achieve获得,实现; activity运动;actual实际的,真实的; advanced先进的,高级的;adventure冒险,奇遇; advantage优势;address地址; admit认可,允许进入; advertise登广告;affect影响; afford买得起; agriculture农业;announce宣布; anxious焦虑的,盼望的;apologize致歉; appearance泛起,外表;appreciation感谢,浏览; arrival到达;astronaut宇航员; atmosphere大气,气氛;attempt企图,实验; attentively专心地;attract吸引; audience听众; average平均;appetite食欲; attitude态度;balance平衡;bargain讨价还价; basically基当地,主要地; benefit利益;beyond凌驾;biology生物学; bitter苦的; branch分支,部门;broadcast广播,播送; breathe呼吸; behaviour行为; belief信仰,信念;camera照相机; capital首都,省会; captain队长,船长; ceiling天花板; celebrate庆祝;century世纪; chain链子;连锁;challenge挑战;channel航道, 海峡,频道; character特征; charge收费,索价; chat谈天; Christmas圣诞节; citizen公民; cigarette香烟; climate气候; coal煤炭; collar衣领; comfortably舒适地; communication通讯;competition竞赛;complete完全的,彻底的;composition作文;concert音乐会;conductor售票员,导体; confident自信的; congratulation祝贺; construction建设; continent大陆,大洲;convenient利便的; conversation攀谈; cough咳嗽;course历程,课程,一道菜;courage勇气;cousin堂(表)兄弟,堂(表)姐妹; crowd人群;curtain窗帘;culture文化;curious好奇的;custom习俗; customer消费者; conclusion结论;contribution孝敬;daily逐日的; dangerous 危险的; decade十年;definitely明确地,肯定地; deliver投递;declare宣布;deserve应受,值得;description形貌; design设计;devote专心,致力于; determine刻意,决议;dialogue/dialog对话; dictionary字典; direction偏向;指导; disaster灾难disappear消失;discussion讨论;disturb 打扰;diary日记;digital数码的;download下载;dustbin垃圾箱; decrease淘汰;department部,局,处,科;系;dynasty王朝,朝代;economical经济的,节约的; educate教育;effective 有效的; efficient 效率高的; effort努力;electricity电; equality平等;encourage勉励;energy能量;精神; entrance入口;envelope信封;environment情况;escape逃避; especially尤其,特别;exhibition展览会; expert专家;extremely极端地;eventually最终地;familiar熟悉的; failure失败;finger手指;flour面粉;fluently流利地;forbid克制;foreigner外国人;forgive原谅;fortunately幸运地;freedom自由;frequent频繁的;fresh新鲜的;fruit水果;friendly友好的;fuel燃料; furniture 家具; festival节日;generation一代; generally一般地;generous慷慨的;大方的;geography地理;glove手套; government政府; graduation结业;gradual逐渐的; grammar语法; guest客人;guide导游;habit习惯; handkerchief手帕;handwriting书法,字迹; harvest收获;healthily康健地; height高度; honor尊敬;hunger饥饿; humorous诙谐的; idiom习语;island岛; imagine想象; immediately 立刻,连忙;increase 增加;income收入; industry工业,勤劳;inform通知;internet因特网;interview采访,面试;interrupt打断,打扰; inventor发现者;insurance保险;【威尼斯网站】。

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